1.Californian Ground Squirrel
The California ground squirrel has learned to cover its scent with the smell of a snake by combining the skinny snack of a rattlesnake.
In the United States, rocky terrain and deep valleys are similar for squirrels living in forests and pastures in California, western Oregon, and western Nevada. But with their homes open, they are always at risk of being hunted. An enemy is a rattlesnake, a snake that sniffs and kills, and once it starts chasing, it becomes almost impossible to escape the target.
But the California ground squirrel has a smart way to fool his enemy. They have learned to cover their scent with the smell of snakes by combining the ketchup of retail snacks on themselves. It is believed that squirrels have learned this process from generation to generation, and this fragrance is essential for any smart squirrel to avoid snakes.
Research has shown that when zebra flocks move together, their currents produce a mirage of ‘motion diesel.’
“Why do zebras have stripes on their bodies?”
This oldest question in evolutionary biology has puzzled scientists ever since Charles Darwin and Alfred Russell first disagreed. But according to modern research, these stripes act as a camouflage through which they can be protected from enemies while fleeing. But how can it be when these same stripes make it look more prominent? The answer is the secret of any magician’s greatest trick: the deception of the eyes. White and black are colors that, if combined, can play many games with the brain and often with the eyes of animals.
Dr. Martin Howe of the University of Bristol has been studying leopard and lion sightings. “I’ve been studying animal sightings for many years, and I’m very interested in the effect it has on the eyes of a striped zebra hunter,” he says. They investigated whether these stripes were fooling predators through the Wagon Wheel Vision. The brain makes it easy to understand when you come across something as fast as a wheel.
But in this way, the brain misunderstands its direction. That’s why when we see the wheels of a car or the wings of a plane moving fast, we think that they are either moving slowly or moving in the opposite direction. Howe’s research showed that when zebra flocks move together, their stripes create a mirage of “motion diesel.” Hao believes that when a hunter sees the movement of these stripes, he thinks that the zebras are moving to the left while they may be moving to the right. Every moment in hunting is precious, so the eye-catchers take advantage of this opportunity, and the zebra manages to escape, and they deceive the eyes in this way.
Cuttlefish make patterns of specific colors that can be mixed anywhere.
Cuttlefish have found a talented defense to avoid being eaten, which is also beautiful to look at. Instead of hiding itself in a hard shell, it adopts the color of its surroundings and blends into it, making it invisible.
They have small organs called chromatophores buried in the outermost layer of the skin. As the cuttlefish moves, each chromatophore is pulled from the brain through the muscles, and all of a sudden, a point turns into a colored circle. By working on millions of such chromatophores at the same time, the cuttlefish can create patterns of specific colors that can be mixed anywhere. At the same time, its shape and texture can change so much that it seems to have disappeared entirely.
All of these tricks are even more amazing because the cuttlefish itself can’t see any color. So if she can’t see all the colors she imitates, how can she do it with such accuracy? A new study has revealed the secret of cuttlefish. Their skin cells contain a protein called opson, which is also found in the retina of the eye. So through these light-absorbing molecules, their skin can ‘see’ the color itself, which is why it can be said that it is one of the most beautiful and intelligent surfaces in the world.
Botswana is home to a few lions whose thick mane and lion-like roar often mislead opponents.
If an animal looks like a lion and everyone else thinks it is a lion, you may think so, but it doesn’t have to be that way. In the Okavango Delta of Botswana, there are a few lions whose dense mane and roaring roar like a lion often mislead opponents.
One of these unusual tigers in the mammography, which looks and sounds like a lion, but is a tiger. Like the four-haired tigers, Mamoriri is thought to have high and low hormone levels due to mutations in his genes.
That is why it looks like a male lion. In the lions, only the males defend their territories from the opponents on whom the whole group depends. Because the mammography seems like a male, the opposing male who wants to occupy their area will think twice before attacking. If the Mamoriri group could expand its territory due to this misunderstanding, it might be able to ensure the survival of these tigers. This change in genes has given rise to a new and deceptive type of synthesis.
5. Orchid Mantis
- Once caught in the trap of orchids, it becomes impossible to escape.
Not only are there countless winged insects in the forests of Malaysia, but there are also myriad hunters who take advantage of them as a feast. This means that if these insects are to be eaten, they must be as fast as lightning so that they cannot be easily caught.
But these insects, which escape the predators’ jaws, cannot stay away from the brightly colored flowers whose juices and juices they love so much. The Orchids cover their entire body in a beautiful and deceptive disguise. Disguised as a flower, with its sharp eyes and deadly blows, these mints are among the most cunning and dangerous predators in the world. But this ‘fake flower’ has more features. Growing mints should be eaten every two days as they cannot wait as long as flowers.
For a successful attack, an insect has to come within reach. Ever since naturalists discovered this species in the nineteenth century, they have doubted the secret of the success of this mint, especially since it is even more popular than the flower it imitates.
Scientists now understand that it is many times ahead of the copy. Because the attractiveness of a flower attracts insects, these mantles not only make the shape more attractive than the real flower but also make the color brighter. Once caught in the trap of these mints, it becomes impossible to escape.