Strange India All Strange Things About India and world

Hello Nature readers, would you like to get this Briefing in your inbox free every day? Sign up here.

Visitors examine primate skeletons in the Great Gallery of Evolution in the National Museum of Natural History, Paris.

The changes in key genetic regions that allow humans to walk upright have been narrowed down through a large study involving artificial intelligence.Credit: Soltan Frédéric/Getty

A map of genomic regions could explain the evolution of our unique skeletal architecture, which enables us to walk upright. Researchers used deep learning to analyse measurements from whole-body X-rays of more than 31,000 people, and combined them with their genetic data. One hallmark of walking upright is having longer legs relative to arms; another is narrower hips. Genomic regions linked to these features bore signs of evolutionary selection in humans. The work also points to regions of our DNA that place us at risk of the common skeletal disease osteoarthritis.

Nature | 4 min read

Reference: Science paper

An overview of data from several continents has confirmed that there has been a surge in cases of type 1 diabetes in children and teenagers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Before COVID-19, the incidence of type 1 diabetes in children was rising at a steady rate of around 2–4% a year. “Now, all of a sudden, we see a tenfold increase,” says diabetes researcher Clemens Kamrath. It’s not clear why — scientists have not found evidence linking the rise to SARS-CoV-2. Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body’s own immune system misfires, so the surge could be attributable to environmental or lifestyle changes.

Nature | 5 min read

Reference: JAMA Network Open paper

Features & opinion

When the Colombian government made peace with the guerrilla force known as FARC in 2016, huge tracts of unexplored forests, caves and mountains became accessible to science. “We are living in the spring, in terms of research interests in the country,” says botanist Mauricio Diazgranados. But loggers, ranchers and miners are moving in, too. Discover the country’s unparalleled biodiversity — and overlapping challenges — in this richly illustrated feature.

Nature | 11 min read

A mother’s drive to protect her child overcomes every other imperative in the latest short story for Nature’s Futures series.

Nature | 6 min read

Scientists and local communities took on the backbreaking effort of clearing 432 tonnes of invasive plants to break the cycle of transmission of a parasitic disease called schistosomiasis. The work protected children from infection by deterring the freshwater snails that transmit the parasites. It also cleared clogged waterways and provided a source of cheap fertilizer and livestock feed. “We tried to convert this public nuisance, this aquatic vegetation, into a private resource,” ecology and public-health researcher Jason Rohr tells the Nature Podcast. “We showed that that compost significantly increased onion and pepper production … and it was up to 141 times cheaper than purchasing feed.”

Nature Podcast | 25 min listen

Subscribe to the Nature Podcast on Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts or Spotify.

Quote of the day

Barbara Kent was a child in New Mexico when the first atomic bomb was tested on 15 July 1945. The people who lived in the area were not warned about the radioactive fallout and have never received compensation for its affect on their health. (The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists | 14 min read)

Source link


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *